There are two different standards that a label can achieve in the production of its fibers: ‘Organic’ stands for a minimum of 95% certified organic fibers, whilst ‘Made with organic’ contains a minimum of 70%. It is unlikely to cross one’s mind that the manufacturing process of cotton is not as simple as the final product being sold as a t-shirt on the shelves, ready to be worn.
There are two key rigorous criteria that make up the global production and manufacturing standards. Firstly, the environmental criteria identifies and evaluates the use of genetically modified organisms (GMO) and agricultural chemical inputs such as toxic heavy metals. If they are present the label will not meet the criteria and subsequent standards. In addition, the label must follow an environmental policy in order to lower the negative impacts of water waste and secretion of unwanted residues. Secondly, the social criteria is based on the key principles of The International Labour Organisation (LBO) that must be met in the production and manufacturing process .
Making the conscious decision to switch from conventional to organic cotton is an important step to take in addressing our impact on our health and our environmental health.