Rise of biodegradable fashion
Biodegradable fashion has become a popular alternative to fast fashion. The fast fashion business, infamous for breaking apart after a few washes, violating human rights, and damaging the environment, is a contemporary power to be reckoned with. But that doesn’t have to be the way garments are made in the future. Biodegradable fashion innovation might help the industry become more sustainable. Even without any measures to preserve it, the breakdown process of garments is understandably sluggish. Vintage and traditional clothing and accessories are made to last and withstand years of use. Then came the age of fast fashion and synthetic textiles, which made it acceptable to employ chemicals and colors to prolong the life of even biodegradable materials. The landfills have become even more congested as a result of this. Every year, 350,000 tonnes of old clothes end up in landfills in the United Kingdom. Every year, more than 20 billion of the 32 billion new garments manufactured for the US market meet the same destiny. Clothes made of non-biodegradable materials such as polyester, spandex, and nylon can take anywhere from 20 to 200 years to biodegrade. To counteract this negative impact, biodegradable fashion has arisen as a new source of hope that has the potential to clear landfills and reduce the amount of trash created by the fashion industry globally. The industry has discovered a middle ground on ethical fashion that does not affect the environment, from infusing biology into design to attaining sustainability via technology.
Greenpeace published a list of the eleven most dangerous and polluting toxic chemicals used in clothing manufacturing in 2012: alkylphenols, phthalates, brominated and chlorinated flame retardants, azoic dyes, organotin compounds, perfluorinated chemicals, chlorobenzenes, chlorinated solvents, chlorophenols, and short chain chlorinated paraffins (SCCP). As a response, the NGO established a Detox Campaign, enlisting the help of 80 fashion brands to pledge to remove these chemicals from their supply chains by 2020. The ZDHC initiative (Zero Discharge of Hazardous Chemicals) is a coalition of fashion companies and industry groups