The steady increment of carbon emissions: more than numbers, a reality
According to the latest International Energy Agency (IEA) report, Global CO2 emissions declined by 5.8% in 2020. Despite this fall, global energy-related CO2 emissions remained significant, which contributed to CO2 reaching its highest ever average annual concentration in the atmosphere of 412.5 parts per million in 2020 – around 50% higher than when the industrial revolution began. Moreover, in 2021, global energy-related CO2 emissions are projected to rebound and grow by 4.8% as demand for coal, oil and gas rebounds with the economy.
The increment of carbon emissions is not a recent concern. The numbers have been increasing rapidly since 1990, and the world is experiencing the consequences: Climate change. We witness extreme weather changes, wildfires, droughts, floods, extinction of species, and other tragedies.
A panorama that calls for action
72% of greenhouse gas emissions are carbon dioxide (CO2). The three biggest economic sectors of greenhouse gas concentrations are placed as follows: 21 % in the industry, 25% in electricity and heat production, and 24% in agriculture and land use. These three sectors are involved in the majority of the production chain. Therefore, companies that focus on productive activities have a significant role in generating carbon emissions.
As one of the possible solutions to excessive carbon emissions, a net-zero emissions is a viable goal, difficult to achieve ipso facto. However, a reduction or offsetting of CO2 can be carried out now and have a positive and powerful impact on the world’s environmental fate.